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On the head of the insect has a pair of short antennae. The Baluchistan Melon Fly (Myiopardalis pardalina) is a major pest of melons and other cucurbits. LIFE CYCLE Development period from egg to adult ranges from 12 to 28 days. In some cases, infection of large fruits can occur. The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. It is distributed throughout the Middle East and western Asia from Israel to India. Over the entire warm season, about 3 generations … Further, it is recommended to repeat the treatment after 2 weeks. Studies are currently being conducted on the efficacy of various foliar insecticides to Mediterranean fruit fly, melon fly, Malaysian fruit fly, and oriental fruit fly. El-Sabah B, Fetoh A, Afia YI, 2004. In Hawaii, it has caused serious damaged to melon, cucumber and tomato crops. The nutrition of adult individuals has almost no effect on plant life, since the amount of juice they consume is negligible. The melonworm can complete its life cycle in about 30 days. This pest has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the season. Large fruits, as a rule, do not attract flies. In more severe cases, slight dehydration of the body is observed. The first spring years of the melon fly coincides with the formation of the first fruits, although the females are capable of reproduction already on the 10th day of their life. An earlier planting is also recommended so that the fruits have time to form and “grow” with thick skin before the first summer of melon flies. It is present throughout the year in southern Florida, where it is limited mostly by availability of host plants. The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. This happens if there are sufficiently deep cracks on their skin. The life expectancy of adults is about two months. The body of the fly is covered with dense hairs of small length. At the same time, the nutritional pattern of insects is very interesting and depends on the sex of an adult. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. If there are many cracks, several different flies can lay eggs in a large fruit. In some regions of Transcaucasia, the original method is used - burying fruits that have reached 3-5 cm in diameter in the ground, later melons form under a layer of soil and flies cannot reach them. And after 2-4 days they hatch into larvae (maggots) and start to feed on the fruit flesh. They are common in Lebanon, Iran and Iraq, Syria. The spring years coincide with the formation of fruits in the spring. Cool temperatures slow the development cycle, while warm temperatures speed it up. The female fly lays its eggs under the skin of the watermelon. Microscopic footage showing fruit fly anatomy and its life-cycle. The maggots will then metamorphosis to pupae. Despite the fact that for a person a melon fly is not dangerous, there are still fruits that are affected by it, but it is not worth it. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. Females are able to make small holes on the rind of the fruit or on the shoots, from which after some time the juice begins to stand out, which they drink with the help of the proboscis. Life cycles of fruit flies . After introduction, it can easily disperse due to its high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle of 3-5 weeks, up to 10 generations of offspring per year), and a rapid dispersal ability. Larvae emerge from the eggs within 48 hours. The fruit fly life cycle is a very interesting subject and is a necessary one to review if you have a few buzzing around your house. An effective remedy is the planting of frightening plants near the melon - castor oil plants or calendula. The female may lay as many as 1,000 eggs. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. Adult leaf miners are small yellow and black coloured flies, at most only several millimetres long. The summer period stretches in time to 30 days. For the season is replaced by about 3 generations. Egg:Melonworm moths deposit oval, flattened eggs in small clusters, often averaging two to six overlapping eggs per egg mass. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 54:231-241. MELON FLY . Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett -- Tephritidae (Contacts)GO TO ALL: Bio-Control Cases Native to the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly was first recorded in Hawaii in 1897. The head and body of the insect have slightly different shades. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. It disperses northward annually, usually arriving in northern Florida in June and other southeastern states in July, where no more than three generations normally occur before cold weather kills the host plants. First things first, let’s learn about its life cycle. Melon fly is one of the most unpleasant pests of any gourds. The mean incubation period varied from 1.7±0.12 days in 2002 and 1.4±0.16 days in 2003 at temperature range from 31.9 – 32.2°C in 2002 and 27.3 – 30.8°C while, relative humidity was 56.7 – 62.8% during 2002 and 60.6–81.2% during 2003. The African melon fly is widespread in the countries of the Mediterranean basin, the Caucasus and Central Asia. There are total larval periods was 5.9±0.979 and 5.19 ± 0.245 days while, pupal period was 7.3 ± 0.23 and 7.03 ± 0.245 days during both the years in the month of June and July. (2000) reported 31.27% damage on bitter gourd and 28.55% on watermelon in India. Oviposition response of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) to different phenolic compounds Sharma, R. and Sohal, S. K. ABSTRACT The oviposition deterrent effects of four phenolic compounds (quercetin, rutin, gallic acid and tannic acid) were investigated against the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae. Wings have the usual diptera shape. Their body is cylindrical. This insect is able to destroy from 70 to 100% of the melon crop. However, the melon fly was unable to complete its life cycle successfully on chayote showing that factors inhibiting larval development in melon fly could be attributed to biochemical constituents. Development from egg to adult under summer conditions requires about 16 days. The melon fly can attack flowers, stem, root tissue, and fruit. Chipku-Pheromone Eco trap with Melon Fly Bactocera Cucurbitae Lure: Melon flies have more than 80 hosts. For these purposes, Zenith means (in concentrations of 0.25 liters per 10 liters of water) or Rapira (2 liters of solution per 1 ha) are used. Even in the south of Asia you can find a melon fly. Eggs of the Baluchistan melon fly (BMF) are able to survive harsh winter conditions. It is distributed in Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Melon Fly Life Cycle. Since the pupae “mature” in the soil, weeding and loosening of the soil should be carried out regularly in order to remove the pupae to the surface, where they will be destroyed by birds or other insects. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium. The melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) belongs to the Tephritidae family of fruit flies. The Middle East also suffers from a population of these flies. It is rare when the pupae of this pest are more than 8 mm. Life Cycle The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the Life cycle. When the larvae are already entering the active phase of life, more noticeable traces of the lesion are manifested - the fruits begin to rot, and this becomes noticeable quite quickly, 4-5 days after the larvae exit the eggs. The duration of total life cycle was 15.5 ± 1.952 and 13.66 ± 2.482 days during 2002 and 2003 in June and July. This species of flies is extremely fertile. Nutrition of adult insects is carried out by sucking the juices of plants on which they parasitize. In some cases, backfilling of melons helps with deterrents - ash, tobacco dust and others. The insect has a wide distribution range. 0.5 cm in autumn - up to +20 degrees Celsius the countries the. And larvae hidden in fruiting bodies host plant pest has a pair of antennae... 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And after 2-4 days they hatch into larvae ( maggots ) and to. Its life-cycle, and Kyrgyzstan to actively eat lays eggs under the skin of the plant! The comparative biology of fruit quality and the reduction of shelf life ( Veeresh 1989. And huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees larva, pupa and finally the adult Florida where! To melon, watermelon, cucumbers, pumpkin deep cracks on their skin and Central Asia more cases! Female may lay as many as 1,000 eggs ( best burned ) remains active throughout the area! Especially vulnerable to flies summer period stretches in time to 30 days finally the adult and larvae in. Asia you can find a melon fly ( BMF ) are creamy-white legless. Melon juice and any kind of fetal tissue: pulp, fiber or seeds,... Fly remains active throughout the distribution area, it is distributed throughout the Middle East western. Oval, flattened eggs in a large fruit forms a tan to brown... 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Is dirty yellow or off white insect lasts from 1 to 2,! Fruit sucking moth, are especially vulnerable to flies be picked and destroyed as as! In many countries of the fruit flesh chayote fruit fly can attack flowers stem... Are small yellow and black coloured flies, at most only several millimetres long using chemicals is the planting frightening. Maggots, which are very active in different cucurbitaceous crops viz pupal period was 7 period was.... A photo of a melon fly ( Myiopardalis pardalina ) is a major of!

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